Brecht March 3, 2015 U.S. News Money
If you've got the itch to ditch
your landlord and take the leap
to homeownership, mortgage rates are still low by historical standards.
But beware because they are expected to begin creeping higher throughout the
"The cost of renting is
really high right now. Rents have been rising and rising," says Lawrence
Yun, chief economist at the National Association of Realtors. "Renters are
getting squeezed, and some want to convert to ownership.".
The NAR expects 30-year,
fixed-rate mortgages to average 3.80 percent in the first quarter. However,
mortgage rates are forecast to start inching higher throughout the year. The
NAR forecasts an average 4 percent rate in the second quarter, 4.3 percent in
the third quarter and 4.7 percent in the fourth quarter.
Economic forces, including an
improving U.S. labor market and faster economic growth, are conspiring to push
mortgage rates higher this year. "The Federal Reserve is likely to
raise short-term interest rates in the summer, which will be a signal for the
rest of the market for rates to go higher," Yun says.
"There's a window of
opportunity for buying and refinancing at crazy-low rates, but it's
closing," says Gina Pogol, loan expert at Charlotte, North Carolina-based
If this is the year you want to
sign on the dotted line and become a homeowner, experts have several suggestions
to help you move quickly through the mortgage approval process.
The overall lending environment
remains stringent, and the best mortgage rates will be awarded to those with higher
credit scores. Your credit score is a three-digit number generated
using information on your credit report, and generally, the higher it is, the
better. Here's what you need to do to get the best rates.
Mind your credit score. "Minimum credit scores required by lenders have steadily dropped, and
mortgage insurers' underwriting guidelines have also loosened a bit, but it's
still a little tough," Pogol says. "Average FICOs of applicants
approved for home loans continue to come down, but they're still hovering
around the 700 mark. Unfortunately, three-fourths of U.S. consumers have scores
lower than 700."
What's an ideal credit
score? "To get the best rate, strive for above 740. That is the benchmark
for A-plus lending," says Jeannie Meronk, assistant vice president and
mortgage loan officer at First State Bank of Illinois.
Visit your lender before you
hit the open houses. Create a game plan that makes
sense for your budget. It pays to talk to a lender about what
you can afford and qualify for before you fall in love with a home
outside your price range.
"It is really important from
a budget standpoint to be shopping in the right price range," Meronk says.
Just because you qualify for a
certain loan amount doesn't mean that is what you should spend. Consider your
monthly budget, and determine what level of monthly payment feels comfortable.
Remember that there will be other costs relating to homeownership, including
property taxes, maintenance and unexpected repairs.
Also know that most sellers
won't take an offer seriously unless you have been preapproved for a
loan. "Preapproval means actually applying for a loan, having your
credit checked and your income documented. Preapproved means that as long as
the property meets the lender's requirements, you can close," Pogol says.
Don't make any changes to your
financial picture. Once you've been preapproved,
this is not the time to open new credit cards, change jobs, transfer large sums
of money or make big-ticket purchases using credit. "Once you are
preapproved, don't apply for any new credit. If you go ahead and finance furniture,
it can mess up the amount that you were preapproved for," Meronk says.
If you are fortunate enough to
have a parent, in-law or relative
who is willing to gift you some or all of your intended
down payment, be sure to talk with your lender about this. You will need
to document this properly with a letter for your lender.
If you are thinking of buying a
rental property, however, gift money can't be used toward a down
payment. It only can be used for a primary residence, according to Meronk.
If you are self-employed,
expect to jump through more hoops. Be
prepared to provide two years' worth of tax
returns. If your income fluctuated from one year to the next,
underwriters will average the income from the two years. Also, underwriters
will look at your income after your business deductions have been taken.
"It often comes as a
surprise to self-employed applicants that their gross income isn't counted by
underwriters. It's their taxable income that's used. So if you write off every
meal and every vacation as a business expense, that comes off the top of your
income," Pogol says.
Organize your financial
paperwork and keep it up to date. If you are shopping for a home, keep a file and drop in new documents as
you receive them, including your most recent pay stub and all pages of your
"Many times applications
sit on mortgage processors' desks because the borrowers have not supplied
everything necessary to get the file into underwriting. If an underwriter needs
additional information or documents, get that in as quickly as possible. In a
busy office, every time your application needs something else, it may be moved
to the bottom of a pile and not resurface for days," Pogol says.
Call your insurance company. Before you close, you will
need to procure a home
insurance policy. "You need to call your insurance agent and tell
them you are buying a house. You need to secure a first year's home insurance
policy before closing. Until I get your homeowners insurance amount, I can't
tell you the exact amount of your payment," Meronk says.
Finance By: Craig DonofrioOctober 2nd, 2014
Picking out the perfect home can be a challenging task. But that’s only the first step.
You still need to be an attractive loan candidate, navigate the mortgage process and plan well for the future.
Since all that can get a little tricky, many home buyers made mortgage mistakes that cost them dearly.
In order to avoid some of the biggest missteps, you should first know what they are.
You don’t want to be saddled for even a short period of time with the wrong mortgage.
Investigate all of your options, and then you need to lay your choices side-by-side and do the math—making sure you have an emergency savings for worst-case scenarios.
Loan shop with several different lenders and use the realtor.com® mortgage calculator to fine-tune your estimates.
When you’re pre-qualified, the lender is simply giving you an estimate about how much you can borrow based on information you’ve provided.
When you’re pre-approved, the lender has verified everything you’ve provided and is offering to lend you up to a given amount at current interest rates—under certain conditions.
It’s much better to be pre-approved when shopping for a home, but it’s still not a guarantee: the lender’s final clearance and a loan commitment are subject to an appraisal satisfactory to the lender, a good title, a last-minute credit check and other verifications.
Even if you pay your bills on time, lenders tend to focus just as much on how much credit you have available to you—that is, your debt-to-income ratio—as they do on timeliness.
Being up to your ears in debt is a sure way to be turned down for a mortgage. Postpone any big-ticket purchases until after you buy your house.
Before you apply for a loan, you should know your credit score and credit report inside and out.
Thoroughly check your credit report for any possible mistakes. You can order a free credit report from each of the big three credit report agencies—Equifax, TransUnion and Experian—once a year.
If you see a mistake, dispute it. If your credit is bad, that’s okay: just work on repairing it before you apply for a mortgage.
Exaggerating your income on a mortgage application or putting down other untruths can be a federal offense.
If a lender finds out, they can make your loan due and payable. And while bad loan officers may stretch the truth to get a client approved, it’s the borrowers who end up paying the price.
The worst thing you can do is ignore phone calls and letters from your lender when you are behind on your payments.
Lenders have many options at their disposal to help keep borrowers from losing their homes to foreclosure, but they can’t do anything for you unless they can talk to you about your difficulties.
Failing to make your purchase contingent on a satisfactory home inspection could be a costly mistake.
Good home inspectors examine houses from stem to stern. They’ll be able to tell you whether the roof or basement leaks, whether the mechanical systems are in good shape and how long the appliances should last.
Don’t get caught off guard by needed repairs, or it will mean more money for your mortgage payments.
If you’re unsure of where to find a good home inspector, ask a REALTOR® for a referral.
Lenders like stability.
It’s a good idea to have kept your job for at least a year or two before applying for a mortgage, and it’s even more important to keep your job throughout the mortgage process.
If you’re looking to switch jobs, wait until after you’ve closed the deal.
Updated from an earlier version by Lew Sichelman.